The paper is aimed to address the posited question by examining terms of direct negotiations between Iran and the United States. According to Iranian political elites, the hostility between Iran and the USA symbolizes a clash of divine rights and blasphemous actuations. Therefore, studying their direct interactions will manifest whether Iranian foreign policy is ideological, pragmatic or both. Iran and the USA have had three rounds of direct negotiations over the past four decades. These negotiations include:. Consequently, by analyzing these negotiations, the paper will investigate and assess the relevance and impact of Islamism on its foreign policy making procedures.
The claim that Indian-Muslim relations are fraught with communalism is as often stated as rebutted, but usually without much consideration of its substantive merits. This paper takes the communalism hypothesis seriously and assesses it against other approaches to explaining Hindu-Muslim segregation and occasional violent clashes. Alternate explanations familiar from the literature include elite-driven electoral politics, competition over economic turf, and lack of inter-group social capital.
WikiZero - Wael Hallaq
Most such explanations are not mutually exclusive, although they are often treated as such. Mohammad holds an M. He received an M. He was also a member of the board of Mujahedin Enghelab, the Iranian main reformist party. His op-eds have been published in The Guardian and Al-monitor. Mahdavi will contribute to the Near Eastern Studies Department of New York University during the next academic year a graduate student.
His latest book, on climate change and energy, has appeared with MIT Press Following up, he is now interested in the topic of situating Islam in a post-Western world. More specifically, he is interested in the quality and management of Chinese-Muslim, Indian-Muslim, and Russian-Muslim relations. Category: Posts. WH: As I said, the book brings together and deals with at least three fields of enquiry: law, politics, and philosophy. The purpose of the Impossible State which I also made abundantly clear was to bring the Islamic intellectual and philosophical-ethical agenda to the table of Western academia, that is, to engage western scholars in a debate that would include issues so latent—but so vibrant—in Islamic culture and history, be it political, legal, or philosophical.
And yet, this is not the whole story. The book is also an attempt to open up the door for a discussion about modernity and the modern condition.
- The Steel Deal.
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- The Present Personal;
- Missa Solemnis, No. 4: Sanctus.
- Musings on The Impossible State;
- Hugo, Victor pour ces dames (VIE AMOUREUSE) (French Edition).
Any intelligent reader will realize this, although unfortunately—though not surprisingly—some legal scholars and other academicians have managed to miss the point. So inasmuch as the book is about the impossibility of the Islamic state, it is also pronouncedly a sustained critique of modernity. And without theory, you simply cannot access scholars in the western fields of political theory, moral philosophy, and law. It is the only way you can get them interested, if at all. One must realize that even the leading figures of the Western intelligentsia those whom we expect to have a wider scope of knowledge not only know little about Islam and its intellectual, legal, political, or cultural heritage; they shy away from anything to do with it, as if Islam were an intellectual disease.
The Impossible State
This book is a modest attempt to change this situation. It is an attempt to challenge them, and to bring them out of their narrow intellectual holes. Finally, and no less important, is the resounding message that the book is trying to convey: namely, when all things have been said and done, the native Islamic heritage provides as good an example and model for constructing forms of Islamic governance as any Western model, if not even better.
While no one can bring back history and historical institutions and concepts if this is even desirable at all , retrieving from history certain constructive values is certainly possible and desirable. As chapter three of the book shows, for example, the traditional Islamic model of the rule of law is far more convincing than the Euro-American one.
The whole book offers similar insights with regard to aspects of moral and political philosophy. WH: Scholars in the fields of law, politics, and philosophy are the chief targets, but the book was written in a way so as to make it accessible to all those in the humanities and the social sciences and even those thoughtful minds in the professional fields, who unfortunately are not very many. As for the second part of your question, I must say that we come to an extraordinarily important point.
I want to repeat that the book is primarily a critique of modernity, and tries to push the limits of our thinking about so many important things we seem to have taken for granted and thing we have left dormant. There is nothing I find more dangerous than the habituation of the mind, that is, when a state of affairs becomes normal and unquestioned just because we ceased to see, or refused to consider, anything else. The modern condition is unsustainable, and we will do well to start thinking about substitutes and structural solutions now. One of the offshoots of this vision is for Muslims to begin to think about governance—I mean political and legal governance—in their own, independent ways, instead of just blindly copying the Euro-American system.
I am now thoroughly convinced that that system is bankrupt.
As I have shown in the book, the fundamental constitutional structures of Euro-America are highly problematic and are unfit for any society that truly wants to accomplish good governance. I think this is a grave mistake.
The Impossible State: Islam, Politics, and Modernity's Moral Predicament
WH: The book happened indeed to be very timely. In fact, it was noticed within a month from the date of its publication and was seized upon for translation into a number of languages, including Chinese, Japanese, Bahasa Indonesian, and of course Arabic and now possibly Italian. The Arabic translation has been completed and is due to appear in print in several months.
However, the timeliness may also be a disadvantage. We are obviously living through tumultuous times, and conflict and intense feelings are at a high pitch. Emotionalism and political outrage do not combine well with reading a book such as the one I have written.
This is not a political document, meaning that my solutions are not political in the common use of the term. This book is about rethinking alternatives.
It is—if you will—about the very epistemology of rethinking. It challenges the reader to shed her or his comfortable assumptions that have become a matter of habituation hence the importance of the first two chapters and their linkage to the rest of the book. In other words, reading the book properly requires intellectual courage. Middle East Media and Book Reviews This book brings a detailed and impassioned exploration of key debates in Islamic law and governance into sustained conversation with canonical texts in Western political and legal theory The Impossible State makes an important theoretical contribution.
Iza Hussin, Perspectives on Politics An important, bold, and courageous intervention that stands out not just in contemporary debates on the Shari'ah in the West and the Muslim world, but in all modern writing about the subject.
Book Review: The Impossible State: Islam, Politics, and Modernity’s Moral Predicament
American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences Wael Hallaq skillfully navigates through the dominant philosophical and sociological arguments The book is a must read for anyone even remotely dealing with conceptualisations of modernity, the state and Islamic governance. Political Studies Review An important book by a well recognized scholar on an extremely important and difficult topic. Religious Studies Review In the light of the ongoing events in the Arab world today Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations Hallaq takes a multidisciplinary approach to diagnose the problems of modernity and, grounded in his unparalled knowledge of Islamic history in general and the Sharia in particular, produces a unique critique of modernity from outside modernity.
Morocco World News. Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction 1. Premises 2. The Modern State 3.
The Legal 5.